Release date：2021-12-28Author source：KinghelmViews：562
The j-20 is the latest yellow leather aircraft. The fuselage surface has not been painted with gray camouflage coating. It is exposed with yellow protective primer and gray absorbing material structure at the front and rear edge of the wing, highlighting many design details that could not be observed before. It can be seen from the photos that there are a large number of embedded conformal antennas on both sides of the front fuselage and the lower skin surface of the j-20. It is no longer like the third generation aircraft to use a large number of knife antennas protruding from the fuselage, which is a basic skill for stealth aircraft. In addition, gray invisible composite structures are also widely used at the j-20 air inlet, front and rear edges of wings, which may be related to the fact that the j-20 fighter has been applied with metamaterials developed by private enterprises, which was confirmed by Yang Wei, chief engineer of j-20 during the two sessions.
The skin of the j-20 has been carefully stealth treated. Except that obvious joints and screw structures can be seen at the edge of the daily maintenance cover, the other skin joints and rivets are covered with microwave absorbing material fillers, and the surface is very smooth, which can maintain a unified impedance transition on the whole fuselage surface and avoid discontinuities, so as to minimize the radar cross-section of the whole machine.
The photo also shows the j-20 supersonic inlet (DSI) without boundary layer partition in detail, and the invisible composite structure on the compression drum can be seen. This 3D compression drum can separate the turbulent boundary layer air from the upper and lower lip edges of the inlet and maintain high inlet efficiency in a large speed range. At the same time, because the complex boundary layer separation structure and supersonic adjustable structure are eliminated, it has obvious advantages over the traditional supersonic inlet in weight and stealth performance.
From the taxiing deceleration attitude of j-20 after landing, it can be seen that the reason why the aircraft can cancel the pneumatic deceleration plate on the traditional fighter is that it can apply the upper and lower differential of the wing trailing edge lifting aileron and the full moving vertical tail to deflect outward at the same time, forming a pneumatic deceleration surface, and its equivalent deceleration area even exceeds the traditional deceleration plate. The canard wing of the aircraft does not participate in deceleration operation in flight, but is only used for taxiing and deceleration after landing. The huge forward deflection canard wing is like an elephant's ear at this time, which can provide huge aerodynamic deceleration resistance and reduce the wear of tires and brake discs. At the same time, the huge size also shows the excellent mobility of the j-20.
At the lower left of the belly of the j-20, we can see a Longbo lens. This is a radar echo enhancement device similar to angle reflector, which is used to help ground radar and air traffic controllers track j-20 during flight test and training to ensure flight safety. Of course, another important role of the device is to cover up the real radar characteristics of the aircraft and avoid disclosure.
In the nose of the j-20, in addition to the large aperture active phased array radome, two windows of the distributed photoelectric aperture system on both sides of the nose can be seen. Similar windows are also distributed in front of the windshield, behind the cabin cover and on the right side of the belly, forming a 360 degree spherical full coverage. In addition to being used as an advanced missile approach warning system, the distributed photoelectric aperture system of j-20 is also an important photoelectric sensor of the aircraft, which can be used to find air targets and night vision navigation. Combined with the advanced helmet mounted display of the aircraft, the photoelectric aperture system can provide the pilot with external high-resolution infrared images, realize "perspective" of the fuselage, and greatly improve the pilot's situational awareness.
In addition to the distributed photoelectric aperture system, another important photoelectric sensor of the j-20 is located below the nose. Most of the previous j-20 prototypes did not install this equipment, and the lower part of the nose is an opaque polyhedron structure. The new photos show that the photoelectric sensor under the nose of j-20 has only four pieces of glass in the forward direction, and lacks backward and downward vision. Therefore, the device should be used for air search and tracking, similar to the infrared search and tracking sensor in front of the j-10c and j-16 windshield. The infrared search and tracking sensor enables the j-20 to have the capability of passive search and tracking in the air when the radar is turned off and the radio is silent. This capability has become more and more important for detecting stealth targets in the air, which will make the j-20 better against other advanced stealth fighters in the future high threat air combat environment.
The air force has released a very powerful news. Our j-20 stealth fighter has completed the actual combat training in the sea direction for the first time. In the photos of this training released by the military media, we were surprised to find that the J20 pilots wore a new type of Flight Helmet, which is compared with the old helmet used in Zhu rihe's military parade, This new helmet uses ar Augmented Reality Technology and holographic waveguide display technology. It can not only "see through" the aircraft to achieve an unobstructed field of vision, but also directly cross-linked with air-to-air missiles to achieve the purpose of aiming, locking and launching when the pilot finds it.
As can be seen from the new helmet photo above, its overall shape is very similar to the batter helmet display used by BAE to back up the F-35 fighter. The shading mirror on the face is large and has multiple layers. The middle layer is obviously a transparent layer. According to the batter's structure, this layer is a holographic display layer. The image display source on the helmet takes the transparent layer as the display screen, projects the image onto the transparent "display screen" through the miniaturized optical system, and then superimposes it with the external target scene, so that the pilot can obtain the aircraft flight information and target aiming information without looking at the head up display and display. This can not only greatly reduce the burden on pilots, but also take the lead in close combat. Compared with the previous refraction / diffraction helmet display, this waveguide helmet display has simpler optical structure, lighter weight, better display effect and larger observation range.
In addition, we can also find that there are many protrusions at the rear of the helmet. These protrusions are actually led infrared light sources. They are mainly used to locate the pilot's head in cooperation with the camera at the rear of the fighter cockpit. The purpose of this positioning is to determine the aiming normal of the helmet display in real time, so as to guide the infrared combat bomb with large off-axis angle to lock, The pilot can launch missiles by "staring" at the target.
According to previous reports of various domestic media, the bidding for the j-20 integrated display helmet should have started in 2012. Due to the rich accumulation of helmet display technology in China and many universities and research institutes doing research in this field, the results are also very fast. In the second year, that is, 2013, the winning team completed the R & D and trial production, Design qualification was completed and delivery started in 2014 (quite fast). At the Zhuhai Air Show in that year, various helmet mounted display products began to appear, and many of them may be schemes or products that failed in the bidding. According to the information disclosed at Zhuhai Air Show, the new HMD also has the function of seeing through fighters like the F-35 HMD when cooperating with the J20. In other words, it can also use the image sensors around the J20 fuselage to obtain the surrounding unobstructed real-time picture, which is also very useful for Fighter reconnaissance, search and close combat.
With the distribution of the j-20's new helmet mounted display in place, its combat capability and deterrence capability in the air have reached a new level, and the large off-axis angle launch capability of the new generation thunderbolt 10 infrared imaging combat projectile can also be brought into full play. The combination of the two makes the J20 not afraid of any strong enemy in close combat. The sea combat training also marks that our army's J20 has begun to invest in real combat readiness tasks, which is not only a strong deterrent to the stubborn forces on the other side of the Strait, but also a silent deterrent to the surrounding parties who are equipped with F-35.
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